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Today In History July 16, 2010

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Today In History July 16, 2010

NEW YORK (AP) ― Today is Friday, July 16, the 197th day of 2010. There are 168 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On July 16, 1980, former California Gov. Ronald Reagan won the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in Detroit.

On this date:

In 1790, a site along the Potomac River was designated the permanent seat of the United States government; the area became Washington, D.C.

In 1862, David G. Farragut became the first rear admiral in the United States Navy.

In 1935, the first parking meters were installed, in Oklahoma City.

In 1945, the United States exploded its first experimental atomic bomb, in the desert of Alamogordo, N.M.

In 1957, Marine Maj. John Glenn set a transcontinental speed record by flying a jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds.

In 1964, as he accepted the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco, Barry M. Goldwater said "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice" and that "moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue."

In 1969, Apollo 11, blasted off from Cape Kennedy on the first manned mission to the surface of the moon.

In 1970, Three Rivers Stadium, home of the Pittsburgh Steelers and Pittsburgh Pirates, officially opened as the Pirates lost to the Cincinnati Reds 3-2. (The stadium was demolished in 2001.)

In 1973, during the Senate Watergate hearings, former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield publicly revealed the existence of President Richard Nixon's secret taping system.

In 1999, John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, died when their single-engine plane, piloted by Kennedy, plunged into the Atlantic Ocean near Martha's Vineyard, Mass.

Ten years ago: Families and friends of the victims of the TWA Flight 800 explosion broke ground for a new memorial on the Long Island shore not far from where the plane went down, killing all 230 people on board.

Five years ago: A suicide bomber blew up a fuel tanker near a Shiite (SHEE'-eyet) mosque in Musayyib, Iraq, killing nearly 100 people. More than a week after the London terror bombings, British Prime Minister Tony Blair warned that an "evil ideology" of Islamic extremism was bent on spreading terror through the West. "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince," the long-awaited sixth book in J.K. Rowling's fantasy series, officially went on sale.

One year ago: Saying that civil rights leaders from decades past had paved the way for his election as the nation's first black commander in chief, President Barack Obama paid homage to the NAACP during a convention in New York, and advised members that their work remained unfinished. In an embarrassing acknowledgement, NASA admitted that in all likelihood, it had recorded over the original videotapes of the Apollo 11 moon landing.

Today's Birthdays: Former Attorney General Dick Thornburgh is 78. Soul singer Denise LaSalle is 76. Soul singer William Bell is 71. International Tennis Hall of Famer Margaret Court is 68. Violinist Pinchas Zukerman is 62. Actor-singer Ruben Blades is 62. Rock composer-musician Stewart Copeland is 58. Playwright Tony Kushner is 54. Dancer Michael Flatley is 52. Actress Phoebe Cates is 47. Country singer Craig Morgan is 46. Actor Daryl "Chill" Mitchell is 45. Actor-comedian Will Ferrell is 43. Actress Rain Pryor is 41. Actor Corey Feldman is 39. Rock musician Ed Kowalczyk (Live) is 39. Rock singer Ryan McCombs (Drowning Pool) is 36. Actress AnnaLynne McCord is 23. Actor Mark Indelicato ("Ugly Betty") is 16.

Thought for Today: "I think I've discovered the secret of life - you just hang around until you get used to it." - Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist (1922-2000).

(© 2010 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.)